‘Hawa Mahal’ or ‘Wind Palace’ is one of the famous tourist attraction and a prominent landmark of the city that is known for its rich cultural and architectural history. It is located in the heart of the ‘Pink City’ Jaipur, Rajasthan.
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It was constructed in 1799 by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh, the grandson of the great Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh who built Jaipur. It was built as an extension of the Royal City Palace and leads to the zenana or women’s chambers.The main reason of constructing this beautiful mahal decorated with fine lattice windows and screened balconies was to facilitate the royal Rajput women, who otherwise followed the strict Purdah system and refrained from appearing in public, in getting a glimpse of the daily events, royal processions and festivals taking place on the streets.The Hawa Mahal is built with red and pink sandstone and was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. The design of the building showcases an excellent blend of Hindu Rajput architecture with that of the Islamic Mughal architecture. There are 953 carved jharokhas or windows, some of which are made of wood. These jharokhas were built such that air circulates naturally through them creating Venturi effect (doctor breeze) thus air conditioning the entire structure during the hot summers. Each jharokha has a small chamber where one can sit and view the street.Hawa Mahal design is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Krishna and the building looks like a crown of Lord Krishna. There are no stairs in the building and top storeys can be reached only by ramps.
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